그 이름은 임마누엘이라 하리라 하셨으니 이를 번역한즉 하나님이 우리와 함께 계시다 함이라 요셉이 잠을 깨어 일어나서..(마1:23b-24a)

  중앙당 사무국 [ E-mail ]
  정선 아리랑에 대한 연구(Eng. ver.)
  

외국인들에게 아리랑당을 알리고 함께 할 수 있는 기회를 만드는 것은 중요합니다. 아리랑당은 전 세계, 모든 나라에 아리랑당을 만들고 Immanuel Reign을 실현하고자 하기 때문입니다.

아래의 논문은 정선아리랑에 관한 연구논문입니다. 영어로 된 자료가 많지 않지만 계속 발굴하여 올리겠습니다. 그리고 우리의 사상을 영어로 번역해 올리는 작업도 병행하겠습니다.


"Arirang, Arirang, arariyo..." By far, the most popular folk song in Korea, the beautiful melody of Arirang touches the hearts of those who hear it with a deep sorrow, and Jeongseon is known as the home of Arirang.

Today I am on my way to Jeongseon looking for Arirang on a spring breeze.

Located on southeastern part of Gangwon province, Jeongseon together with Youngwol and Pyeongchang is known as the land of 'the three towns on many mountains'. It is situated to the south of Baekdudaegan, the backbone of the Korean Peninsula, so that the town is surrounded by steep valleys and gorges.

One is struck by rough terrain of Jeongseon on the drive through the district or on the provincial roads. An endless of mountain ridges and steep mountain passes cover up the sky as you drive through.

Anyone who walks into Jeongseon will naturally be reminded of the Arirang melody that echoes in its gorges.

In Jeongseon, where the sun sets as soon as it rises, the people began to wearily unwind from their harsh day-to-day life by singing the melodious tunes of Arirang.
The thousands of lyrics in Jeongseon Arirang contain the joys and sorrow of its people laments on their misery, forever surrounded by endless mountains. Other melodies express longing for love, resentments against or the sadness of being from home, far from loved ones.

Arirang is the song that unravelled the many knots binding in the hearts of these people.

The spring in Jeongseon still seems like winter, as the shady valleys are still frozen and cold.


Oh, ferryman of Auraji, take me to the other side of the river.
Oldongbak of Sarigol are all scattered on the ground.

The fallen gourds are being covered with fallen leaves.
From time to time the thought of my love is unbearable.

Arirang Arirang Arariyo
Pass me over the Arirang hills.


On a spring day when the yellow camellias were in full bloom, two young lovers took a vow of their love in a valley behind Sarigol. When the river rose up, the two could not meet for days. Their longing for each other felt by us when we hear the tunes of Arirang.

The plain food of this mountain village is a special treat in Jeongseon.
Chongweon Restaurant across the street from Yeoryang Station near Auraji is famous for its 'Kotdeungchiki (nose slapping) noodles.' The name comes from the fact that the thick buckwheat noodle strips hit your nose as you gulp them down. The exquisite flavor and the reasonable price of noodle soup makes the place attractive, but the warm heart of the proprietress makes it even more charming.

You can reach Dongmyeon by driving along the left side of the Auraji River and a stream, passing through Jeongseon-up, where you meet the provincial road 424.

You can feel the winter breeze amidst the spring of Jeongseon which leaves as soon as it comes through the mountain shades.

After a ten-minute drive from Jeongseon-up, the road takes you to Dukwu intersection where it splits in two forks: one to take you to Tongmyeon and the other to Nam-myeon. Stopping over at the stone such, found only in the mountains of Gyulamri of Jeongseon-up, are processes and turned into beautiful works of art such as flower vases and many others. One can purchase such items at a bargain price at the complex.

'Arari Shimteo' next to the stone processing complex is renowned for 'Hwanggibaeksuk' (chicken broiled with rice and milk vetch). It is a dish made of home-grown chicken and milk vetch, a special herb used in Oriental medicine. About a five-Minute drive from 'Arear Shipmate to Tongmyeon', you can find 'Halmeoni Hoegip (grandmother's Sashimi house) where you can try 'Hyangeobaeksook'(rice broiled with fish). The dish of rice, juju and bamboo shoots broiled in water with Hyangawe, can be enjoyed throughout the year for its nutritional value.

Wherever you go in Jeongseon, the scenic beauty befits the fame of Arirang. One of such places is 'Hwaampalkyung' situated in Dong-myeon, Hwaam-ri. As the name 'Hwaam-ri' tells us, the picturesque rocks form a cliff from which crystal-clear water rapidly flows, the spring brushoff of the snows in Jeongseon.

As soon as you enter Hwaam-ri, you will immediately behold the Hwaam Grotto. Unlike other lime grottos in Korea, it is a huge grotto of 2,88 meters long shaped like a plaza where you can see majestic sights as a yellow stalactite wall, and grotto painting in the Orient, a statue of the Virgin Mary and many more. This is typical of grottos in Korea where the stalactite is still forming.

The next place you can stop as you follow the stream from the grotto is the Hwaam Mineral Spring. Eighty-seven years ago. as a villager found the spring by was digging here that was marked by a mountain god in his dream. The water from this spring is so rich in iron that it feels like rust water when you drink it. Nevertheless, it is well known for its effectiveness, it is well known for its effectiveness in healing stomach problems and skin diseases.

After quenching the thrist with this pungent mineral water, you can feel hunger in your stomach. What you don't want to miss in Jeongseon is the culinary specialties of 'Gonderae Restaurant,'namely fried Champiri and Champiri sashimi. Champiri is a finger-sized fish found in the clean valley streams nearby. The unique taste of Champiri comes from the deft preparation by the talented restaurant owner. Another speciality of this region is 'Pyogojuk', a rice gruel made of Shiitake mushroom boiled in beef broth. 'Hwaam-ri Refectory' is where you can taste the best Pyogojuk.

Even the scenery of Mount Geumkang cannot impress those who are hungry. Sogeumgang is known as the small Mount Geumkang of Jeongseon. Upon entering the Sokeumgang, one automatically slows down the car to 30km per hour in order to enjoy the scenic beauty of Naksibawi(a rock) said to be where the gods enjoyed fishing and was later sanctified by the local residents. On top of that, the odd-shaped rocks and palisades along the Sogeumgang are like the beautiful paintings on a folding screen.

As you leave the Soaked River behind, you are greeted by Gogaemaroo where Molundae is lined up in a row. Molundae is said to be a cliff where the clouds stopped to rest. It is made up of stone layers piled up several kilometers high under which a stream of crystal-clear water flows by. Numerous poets and artists must have been in awe with the mysterious harmony os nature during their stay here.

The next cliff you encounter is called Gwandaegok, a steep valley where the sky, the clouds and the land meet amidst the sounds of the waterfall and cool breeze. Passing through this breathtaking scenery, you can follow the winding road and cross over a mountain to reach Sabuk-eup. This dark gray town brings out distant memory of the 'Sabuk Crisis in 1980' and reminds us of a past so quickly forgotten.

At one point in Jeongseon, the development of smokeless coal in Gohan, Sabuk and Hambaek increased the population to 130,000 in 1983. As the coal industry deteriorated, so did its population which is currently less than 50,000.
In recent times, the people are becoming more optimistic about their future as casino developments are currently under progress thanks to the special law on closed mine areas passed by the National Assembly. Even so, there are many who suffer painfully from disease caused by coal dust.

Jeongseon, the land of Arirang. Although Jeongseon should inspire pride, there still may be people who try to fill the inherent void and loneliness by singing Arirang as a song of hope for a better world.


Many of our listeners know Arirang as the most representative folk song in Korea. Even Koreans who live in overseas and whose offspring can barely speak the Korean language are one with their homeland when they sing the song of Arirang together. It is truly a symbolic song of Korea. That's why Koreans enjoy singing Arirang at international sports competitions in order to cheer up the players spirit.

In the olden days. Koreans were very good at swallowing their anger and sorrow. We presume the sounds coming out from the deepest heart of Koreans was something like Arirang. Koreans try to resolve their mental stresses through the passage of time rather than finding ways to relieve them as soon as possible. There are more than one hundred different Arirangs in Korea. But the words of every Arirang are simple in phrasing.

We think Koreans used simple linguistic structures in expressing their regrets, because there were so many illiterate poor people in Korea in the olden days.

And the first song of Arirang in Korea is the Arirang of Jeongseon.


Oh, ferryman of the Auraji river, let me cross the river.
The leaves of Oldnngbak in Sarigol are falling down.


It's been over six hundred years since Arirang took off in Korea as its representative folk song. We can find many evidences that Jeongseon Arirang are the origin of all the other Arirangs of Korea.

First of all, the grandiose melody of Jeongseon Arirang is much closer to the notes of traditional Korean music than any of the other Arirangs. And the words of Jeongseon Arirang con be found easily in the Arirangs of other provinces. It is with good reason then, that Jeongseon Arirang has been designated as the provincial intangible cultural asset No. 1 in 1971. The monument of the Jeongseon Arirang, installed in Jeongseon, is the only Arirang monument in Korea.

Compared to the Arirang songs of other areas, Jeongseon Arirang sounds very grandiose and sad. It is said to be because of the geographical features of Jeongseon. Because people had to cross a number of hills and mountains including Swae-jae and Sab dang-ryoung to reach Jeongseon. So the people of Jeongseon lived a very isolated life. That is why the melodies of the Jeongseon Arirang are sad and full of pathos rather than delightful. And there are more than one thousand different versions of the Jeongseon Arirang. Perhaps, it is because the people of Jeongseon would have needed a great number of words to relieve their lonely hearts. The words of Jeongseon Arirang still evoke sympathy in the hearts of modern Koreans.

At first, Jeongseon Arirang may seem too slow and simple to Westerners, who are familiar with speedier rhythms. However, in a moment, one realizes that the music of Arirang is an expression of the basic human emotions. When you look down from a mountain top in Jeongseon , you can feel the melody of Jeongseon Arirang reverberate from somewhere down the winding mountain path. Just as the people of Jeongseon sooth their heavy hearted, isolated life with the song of Arirang, you can find many different stories in the words of the Jeongseon Arirang.

The words of the Jeongseon Arirang depict many different themes especially concerning the life of women. Since most Korean women suffered from the hardships of married life, especially the oppression by mother-in-laws, we can find many words of the Jeongseon Arirang depicting such a story. Of course, some of them describe love stories, but most people who listen to the song for the first time say Jeongseon Arirang sounds too sorrowful. But when you listen to it over and over again. you'll be able to feel the true meaning of the song, and the feelings that the people of Jeongseon had as they tried to gain an emotional catharsis by relieving their remorseful hearts through the Jeongseon Arirang. Eventually, one finds a love of people in it. That's why we call the Jeongseon Arirang the sounds of life and love.

The people of Jeongseon used to sing there Arirang song when working in the fields and mountains, or soothing their lonely hearts when their lovers were gone. Still today the Jeongseon Arirang is loved by the people of Jeongseon. So if you ask anybody you meet on the street to sing the song for you, he or she is sure to sing in for you, even though he or she may hesitate a little bit at first.

There is one place in Jeongseon which has become famous because it is described in the words of the Jeongseon Arirang. It's the Auraji River. The Auraji River lies to the north of Jeongseon. As the name Auraji literally means a merging of the Golji-cheon stream flowing from the Taebaek mountain range and the Song-cheon stream from the Pyeong-chang county met in the Auraji River. And the Auraji River is the uppermost area of the Namhan-gang or the southern Han River.

The rafts of the Jeongseon used to go down to the Gwang-na roo or Ma-po ferries in Seoul on the southern Han River. Rafters used to sing many songs as they rowed their boats each dawn down the river, or as they stopped by wine houses along the way.

In this way the Jeongseon Arirang spread nationwide especially in the areas along the Han River. That is why we can find melodies similar to the Jeongseon Arirang in the areas along the southern Han River such as Dan-yang, Cheong-ju, Yeo-ju, and Yang-pyeong.

The Auraji River is located about twenty minutes to the north by car from the town of Jeongseon-eup. It is a tiny and shallow river. However and it has become a tourist attraction because of the Jeongseon Arirang. The ferry carrying people across the river reminds us of the rafters in the olden days. There also stands a statue of a young girl on a low hill beside the Auraji River. The statue makes people sad because of the words of the Jeongseon Arirang.

There was a sad story of the girl depicted in the statue, and the man who lived in a neighboring village.

A girl who lived in a village of Yeo-ryang Ri and a man who lived in the Yu-cheon Gol valley fell in love with each other.

They were able to meet with each other thanks to the ferry that carried them across the Auraji River between the two villages. One day, the ferry couldn't operate because of a flood. So they stood on each side of the river and sang songs.

The songs now became part of the Jeongseon Arirang. The words of the song go something like this. "Oh ferryman of the Auraji River, let me cross the river. The leaves of Oldongbak are falling down." The response of this verse goes like this. "How happy would I be if I were a leaf on Oldongbak tree because it can fall there where it is. I think I'm going to die due to a heartbreak." However the legend finishes the story sadly; The lovers were never able to meet each other again. That is why the people of Jeongseon built the statue of the poor girl. It is in memory of her sad love story.

* The writer(Jin Yong Seon) is a director of Jeongseon Arirang Research Institute.
2004-07-31 06:32:14


     
  

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